EcoBPC will establish new and upgrade existing MSMEs in the e-waste sector towards green businesses changing the current polluting, health-damaging and resource-inefficient practices towards environmentally sound, resource-efficient and competitive businesses. The project team estimates that around 120 MSMEs in the refurbishment and recycling sector will directly benefit from the project, and up to around 12,000 indirectly. The eco-innovative MSMEs will be competitive in the field of collection, treatment and trading in recycled materials so that they can create durable jobs in the formal sector, alleviate poverty directly via salaries, but also through increasing the Government’s tax income. It is estimated that:
Over 120 formal and informal MSMEs are involved in refurbishment and recycling of e-waste in the Greater Accra and Ashanti regions; Accra and Tema and Kumasi
Around 2,800 MSMEs will benefit from research and consultancy on best practice, sharing of learning and opportunities for replication; particularly in the Western Region (Sekondi Takoradi), Volta Region, (Ho) and Central Region (Cape Coast)
At least 5 government agencies in charge of drafting, implementing or enforcing related waste legislation
Over twelve thousand employees of targeted waste management MSMEs and (informal) waste processors and their families
The project seeks to reduce the environmental impacts arising from the improper treatment of e-waste and creates the technical, commercial and legislative base to turn these wastes into resources. The project thus supports sustainable consumption patterns, which are of particular importance given the already common and strongly growing use of resource-intensive and potentially polluting electrical and electronic devices in Ghana.
The growing population and changing lifestyles in particular increase the amounts of e-waste, as well as imports of e-waste. Around 49,000 tons of e-waste is generated in Ghana every year. At the Agbogbloshie metal scrap yard in Accra and in the refurbishing sector in the Greater Accra region, the informal sector annually treats between 10,000 and 13,000 metric tons of e-waste. While reuse and refurbishment of used EEE and components thereof are at a high level, unsound treatment and disposal of e-waste causes enormous environmental and health damages instead of using those wastes as business opportunities for eco-entrepreneurship.
A best practice guidebook on E-Waste businesses for Ghana will be produced as well. The main objective of this guidebook is to give both advice and information to any small e-waste business that wishes to ensure that all its e-waste is correctly handled at all times (when collected, transported, stored, dismantled or prepared for reuse through repair and/or refurbishment) in order to ensure that no harm is done to the receiving environment or its people. This guidebook will be for small to medium enterprises/small businesses that specifically participate in the business of e-waste recycling to continually improve their business.